Data Dashboard


Greenhouse gas emissions

Total GHG emissions (Metric tons CO2e)

  2005 2015 2019 2021 2022
Scope 1 emissions 28,679 20,857 11,168 11,459 12,998
Scope 2 location-based emissions 185,223 102,081 73,682 56,743 57,450
Scope 2 market-based emissions** not calculated not calculated not calculated 61,190 45,267
Total Scope 1 and 2 (location-based) GHG emissions 213,902 122,938 84, 850 68, 202 70,448
Scope 3 emissions not calculated not calculated 3,267, 519 1,959,650 2,129,648

Carbon offsets were retired for 2021 in the amount of 17,401 mt CO2e. In 2022, carbon offsets equalling 26,848 mt CO2e were retired.

**Renewable energy certificates (RECs) were applied to 2022 Scope 2 market-based emissions in the amount of 29,354 MWh.


Scope 1 and 2 GHG emissions intensity (Metric tons CO2e/sq ft)

  2015 2019 2021 2022
Scope 1 Direct 0.0046 0.0029 0.0032 0.0038
Scope 2 (location-based)  0.0225 0.0189 0.0160 0.0169
Total Scope 1 and 2 GHG Emissions 0.0271 0.0218 0.0193 0.0207

Lexmark has an intensity goal to reduce GHG emissions per square foot by an average of 2.5% year-on-year for a total 25% reduction from 2015 to 2025. Calculated per square foot of floor area owned or leased by Lexmark. 


Greenhouse gas emissions by scope and type (Metric tons CO2e)

    2015 2019 2021 2022
  Scope 1 emissions total 20,857 11,168 11,459 12,998
     Natural gas 17,409 8,620 8,066 8,227
     Diesel/gas oil 152 85 368 238
     Refrigerants 3 878 1,932 3,293
     Owned vehicles/transportation fleet 2,213 1,585 1,093 1,240
    2015 2019 2021 2022
  Scope 2 emissions total 102,081 73,682 56,743 57,450
     Purchased Electricity 102,081 64,102 50,575 50,953
     Purchased steam (Boulder, Colorado)   9,580 6,168 6,497
    2015 2019 2021 2022
  Scope 3 emissions total   3,267,519 1,959,650 2,129,648
     Purchased goods and services (Category 1) - 547,241 316,324 329,904
     Capital goods (Category 2) - 12,202 8,363 9,297
     Fuel and energy-related activities, not in Scopes 1 & 2 (Category 3)   11,613 15,017 14,118
     Upstream transport (Category 4) - 9,688 38,146 31,141
     Waste in operations (Category 5) - 2,467 1,367 1,670
     Business travel (Category 6) 17,634 7,219 1,218 3,019
     Employee commuting (Category 7) - 13,674 9,294 10,903
     Use of sold products, excluding paper total (Category 11) - 2,660,698 1,568,340 1,727,554
     End of life treatment of sold products (Category 12) - 2,400 1,375 1,642
     Downstream leased assets (Category 13) 24,841 316 206 400

Scopes 1, 2, and 3 data have been updated as needed based on 3rd party validation guidance to improve ongoing data accuracy, calculation procedures and modify refrigerant and natural gas reporting. 

As we continue to develop our Scope 3 reporting, we are learning and growing data collection. We have made some minor adjustments as we continue to improve. Category 1 -We have added indirect, nonproduction purchased goods and services. Category 3 - We added Fuel and Energy-Related Activities (FERA) calculations during SBTi validation process. Category 4 - We added DHL, Kuhne & Nagel EU road data and SmartWay data. Category 5 - We added waste. Category 11 - We included calculations excluding paper. Category 12 - Data corrections were added. Category 13 - We converted from gigajoules to tons of carbon.



GHG consumption boundary and accounting methodology

Organizational boundary

The boundary for GHG emissions covers Scope 1, Scope 2 and Scope 3 emissions.

Scope 1/Direct emissions include the use of fossil fuels, refrigerants and fleet vehicle transport based on available data.

  • Scope 1 fossil fuel data was reported by the following Lexmark sites: Lexington, Kentucky; Boulder, Colorado; Cebu City, Philippines; Juárez, Mexico; Kolkata, India; Budapest, Hungary; and estimated for U.S. leased offices, representing 90% of Lexmark’s 2022 square footage of occupied space. Scope 1 fossil fuel emissions for U.S. leased offices were estimated using 2012 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) data.
  • Scope 1 refrigerant usage was reported for Lexington, Kentucky; Boulder, Colorado; Juárez, Mexico; Cebu City, Philippines; and Kolkata, India, representing 88% of Lexmark’s 2022 square footage of occupied space.
  • Scope 1 vehicle data was provided from sites in the U. S. and Switzerland; Austria, Germany; Budapest, Hungary; Juárez, Mexico; Shenzhen, China; Kolkata, India; and Cebu City, Philippines. Leased/owned vehicle reports are provided by rental agencies and/or site estimations.

The Scope 2 emissions boundary represents indirect energy consumption/electrical power purchased for use at approximately 100% of Lexmark-owned and leased locations using the operational control approach. Data prior to the 2015 base year will not be recalculated.

Scope 1 and 2 GHG emission intensity is calculated per Lexmark square footage. 

Square footage

2015 2019 2021 2022
4,545,407 3,893,340 3,536,664 3,404,562

Data input and calculation methodology

Lexmark publicly reports GHG emissions that are related to the use of direct and indirect energy through the Carbon Disclosure Project. Using the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) and World Resource Institute (WRI) Greenhouse Gas Protocol (GHG Protocol) methodology, we track greenhouse gas emissions, as well as our use of natural gas, fuel oil, diesel, gasoline and electricity.

Scope 1 emissions

Scope 1 emissions data is received from site inputs such as onsite refrigerant tracking, natural gas utility bills and maintenance records.

Scope 2 emissions

Scope 2 emissions are calculated based on energy usage for all owned and operated sites. Data is calculated from utility bills or landlord billings where available. For leased sites where metered data is available through utility bills and other invoices, the data is compared to the average intensity for the region and increased for HVAC energy support if higher or left the same as a region otherwise. For leased sites where no metered data is available, current Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) data and 2018 eGrid factors are used to calculate energy and emissions for U.S. locations and International Energy Agency (IEA) data is used to estimate usage and emissions for leased locations in other parts of the world. All energy use (direct office use and HVAC support) is assumed to be electrically derived.

Scope 3 GHG emissions 

Lexmark calculates all applicable scope 3 emissions, including all sources not included within its scope 1 and 2 boundary. Scope 3 emissions are the result of activities and assets, covering indirect upstream and downstream value chain emissions. Emissions sources include purchased goods and services, capital goods, transportation and distribution, waste, business travel, employee comuting, and its product manufacturing, use and end of life phases.

  • Scope 3 Methodology by category
    Category Description Scope/Methodology
    Category 1 Purchased Goods and Services Direct, production-related goods and services: Lexmark conducts Life Cycle Assessments (LCAs) of our imaging equipment in accordance with ISO 14040 and ISO 14044. The LCAs cover the emissions of our products from raw material extraction and processing through manufacturing and distribution through use and end-of-life and are used to report estimated emissions for Purchased Goods and Services directly related to products, as well as other Scope 3 categories. Assumptions and methodology behind our LCAs may be found in our Environmental Product Declarations (EPDs), which are published according to ISO 14045 and third party verified for completeness and accuracy. A small number of dot matrix printers and acquisition laser models are not included. For other indirect, nonproduction goods and services, Lexmark uses a spend-based calculation within the Quantis Scope 3 evaluator to estimate GHG emissions for purchased goods and services not directly related to production. For off-site, cloud-based data servers Lexmark obtains GHG emissions reports from its service providers based on annual data usage rates.      
    Category 2 Capital Goods Annual summary reports for capital purchases are provided by the Global Planning team. A spend-based method is then used to calculate emissions from capital goods using the economic value of purchased goods and multiplying by relevant emissions factors from USEPA (environmental protection agency). Industry average emissions factors are derived from environmentally-extended input-output (EEIO) databases to provide average emissions per monetary value of goods.
    Category 3 Fuel and energy related activities not accounted for in Scope 1 and 2 Emissions due to extraction, production, and transportation of fuels and electricity purchased by the reporting company, including transmission and distribution losses, are calculated using IEA (International Energy Agency) and DEFRA emissions factors.
    Category 4 Upstream Transport Emissions provided by transport partners for road, air and sea transport. *U.S. transport data as calculated through the US EPA SmartWay tool (report not available until November for previous year).
    Category 5 Waste in Operations Emissions resulting from non-hazardous and hazardous waste disposal at Lexmark reporting locations (see Waste Management section/Waste Dashboard on CSR page for locations) assessed using the waste-type-specific method where emissions factors are published. The following sources used: US Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) ghg emissions factors hub, Table 9.
    Category 6 Business Travel Covers business travel worldwide. Data as reported for U.S. (rentals and fleet vehicles), Canada (rentals and fleet vehicles), Kolkata, Cebu, Shenzhen, Juarez, Switzerland, Austria, Germany and Budapest. Travel is reported for locations worldwide using our primary corporate travel agencies. We estimate that unreported data is minimal. Leased/rental vehicle reports are provided by rental agencies. Travel agency partners provide reports for business air travel. 
    Category 7 Employee Commuting Assumptions for commute distance, vehicle type and number of on-site and remote working days for Lexmark employees are based on staffing data and regional remote working policies provided by corporate human resources. These data are combined with the most recent U.S. National Household Travel Survey. Emissions factors for the conversion of fuel to carbon dioxide equivalents were obtained from the EPA’s Greenhouse Gas Equivalencies. Estimated using the average data method. Annual working days are defined by corporate human resources less company holidays for representative geogrphies. Emissions associated with remote work for an eight-hour workday was estimated using average U.S. household energy per day times the IEA (International Energy Agency) worldwide electricity conversion factor of 478.7 grams of CO2 per kWh.
    Category 8 Upstream Leased Assets Not applicable to Lexmark.
    Category 9 Downstream Transport Not applicable to Lexmark.
    Category 10 Processing of Sold Products Not applicable to Lexmark.
    Category 11 Use of Sold Products Calculated as part of the imaging equipment LCAs. Includes some assumptions for transport within the U.S. that are calculated in the LCAs. See LCA notes for Category 1.
    Category 12 End of Life Treatment of Sold Products Calculated as part of the imaging equipment LCAs. Emissions from processing cartridges returned to Lexmark through LCCP are captured in Scopes 1 and 2 for Lexmark-owned return facilities.
    Category 13 Downstream Leased Assets Data included for Lexmark owned space leased to tenants for which the tenant has operational control.
    Category 14 Franchises Not applicable to Lexmark.
    Category 15 Investments Not applicable to Lexmark..



Regulated air emissions (U.S. short tons per year)

Methane 2015 2019 2021 2022
   Lexington, KY, U.S. 0.12 0.10 0.10 0.1
Volatile organic compounds (non-methane) 2015 2019 2021 2022
   Boulder, CO, U.S. 4.28 2.46 2.21 2.22
   Lexington, KY, U.S. 0.31 0.24 0.24 0.22
   Juárez, Mexico 34.04 17.79 19.24 1.587
SOx 2015 2019 2021 2022
   Lexington, KY, U.S. 0.06 0.03 0.04 0.03
   Juárez, Mexico 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.018
NOx 2015 2019 2021 2022
   Lexington, KY, U.S. 5.49 4.31 4.2 3.9
   Juárez, Mexico 3.15 1.63 1.55 1.693
CO2 2015 2019 2021 2022
   Boulder, CO, U.S. 347.90 491 503 492
   Lexington, KY, U.S. 6,038.81 4,995.74 4,740 4,558
   Juárez, Mexico 4,009.65 2,067.72 1971 2,153
Particulate matter (PM10) 2015 2019 2021 2022
   Boulder, CO, U.S. 0.06 0.06 0.04 0.04
   Lexington, KY, U.S. 0.41 0.30 0.25 0.26
   Juárez, Mexico 0.24 0.12 0.12 0.129
Hazardous air pollutants 2015 2019 2021 2022
   Boulder, CO, U.S. 0.17 0.23 0.2 0.21
   Lexington, KY, U.S. 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.07
Toxic release inventory (TRI) 2015 2019 2021 2022
   Boulder, CO, U.S. 1.89 1.03 0.82 0.79
Registro de Emisiones y Transferencia de Contaminantes (RETC) 2015 2019 2021 2022
   Juárez, Mexico 3,113.03 1,590.61 1,517 1,653

Regulated air emission boundary and accounting methodology

Regulated air emissions are reported for our primary research and development and manufacturing locations, with the exception of Cebu City, Philippines.

Lexmark monitors regulated air emissions and submits the necessary reports to agencies requesting this information. The Lexmark manufacturing location in Boulder, CO falls in scope of Toxic Release Inventory reporting. 

Our planned actions to reduce toxic materials under EPA TRI include, but are not limited to the following:

  • Substitution of materials to safer materials, when alternatives are available, including those used in the manufacturing of toner.
  • Utilization of ISO 14001 management program which ensures environmental aspects of manufacturing operations are evaluated, and proper controls put in place.
  • Elimination of hazards to human health and the environment on a regular basis.
  • Active use of process control(s) which include dust collectors, house vacuums and regenerative thermal oxidizer(s) to minimize the release of harmful materials.
  • Optimization and regular review of manufacturing equipment control processes.
  • Annual evaluation of the manufacturing processes, including yield and handling of solvents, to determine the optimum treatment method to reduce pollution. Process improvements managed through our ISO 14001 program result in an annual reduction of TRI materials released during the design and manufacture of our products.

As a result of our above-planned actions, we reduced our Total TRI by 46% with a target to achieve 50% by 2025 since our baseline year of 2015.