Lexmark’s materials management approach
At Lexmark, we look at the environmental impact of our products throughout their life cycle. We see where we can deliver optimal environmental performance by incorporating innovative circular design concepts and material improvements.
Our materials management approach is broad, ranging from our focus on materials used and sourced from our suppliers, to our active participation in industry trade associations.
Lexmark’s Corporate Sustainability team is responsible for maintaining the Product Environmental Specification. Lexmark's Product Environmental Specification defines the minimum environmental requirements associated with the design, manufacture and marketing of Lexmark products. The criteria stem from the latest global regulatory obligations, international treaties and conventions to specific market demands. The team reviews the Product Environmental Specification annually to include the latest regulatory references.
The Lexmark Product Environmental Specification is available online for access at any time. We also provide it to certain suppliers in contract terms and to material suppliers during the development process.
Click here to read the Lexmark Product Environmental Specification.
To support materials management efforts, Lexmark maintains a materials content data collection and management system. This system allows our teams to address regulatory issues, communicate with suppliers about substances of concern and respond to customer questions.
Lexmark engineers design our products with a focus on recyclability. Over 90 percent of the materials used in hardware products by weight are recyclable. The majority of these materials are polymers and metals that are formed into components through injection molding or stamping operations. High-impact polystyrene (HIPS) and acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) are most often used; however, other plastics such as acetals, polyesters, polyamides and filled or blended versions of these materials are also utilized.
Lexmark chooses to offset a portion of our virgin polymer purchases by boldly pursuing recycled options and reuse of parts. Our use of recycled materials ensures that waste formerly destined for landfill has a new destination and purpose, helping protect natural resources and fulfill our sustainability goals. Currently, we favor the use of post-consumer recycled (PCR) materials over the use of biobased materials for durability and recyclability.
The metal content in Lexmark printers is dominated by steel products sourced from both recycled and new materials. We see the environmental benefits of reusing metal content with the understanding that recycled metal stock can be used for some—but not all—metal components. Published industry averages indicate that many commercial grades of steel commonly contain between 30 percent and 80 percent recycled content. Lexmark is committed to using these grades of steel where possible.
Lexmark’s post-consumer recycled plastics (PCR) journey
Estimated materials in Lexmark printers and MFPs1 manufactured in 2016 (metric tons/$M associated hardware revenue)
Plastics | 31.30
Metals | 27.61
Electronics | 9.01
Glass and other materials | 2.02
Lexmark continues to expand our circular economy innovations through our award-winning Lexmark Cartridge Collection Program (LCCP). Our engineers reclaim feed streams of various types of plastics such as ABS, HIPS and polyoxymethylene (POM) through this closed loop program. After returning this material to near-new quality through our in-house extrusion and compounding processes, we use this plastic to manufacture new toner cartridges. In 2016, Underwriters Laboratory (UL) certified our PCR resin for use at a rate of 100 percent for print cartridge components, making it the first UL-certified 100 percent recycled resin to be processed in-house. Currently 27 components are produced with up to 100 percent closed-loop PCR plastic, reducing the need for nearly 500 metric tons of virgin plastic.
Lexmark is an industry leader in the use of reclaimed plastic with 18.5 percent average post-consumer recycled (PCR) plastic content, by weight, across all new Lexmark branded toner cartridges. Our goal is to increase the post-consumer recycled plastic content in our toner cartridges to 25 percent by 2018. In fact, 93 percent of Lexmark designed and manufactured toner cartridges contain at least some post-consumer recycled plastic content.
For PCR that we cannot source through LCCP, our Lexmark engineers recommend using PCR materials originating from closed-loop recycled electronics when possible. At least one Lexmark supplier declares their base resins are recovered from 100 percent post-consumer waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE). Our use of PCR sourced from used electronics provides incentive to electronics manufacturers and recyclers to continue to grow the circular economy in this industry.
In the future, we would like to incorporate closed-loop recycled materials from our hardware recycling streams into new devices in much the same way we are doing for cartridges. Our latest printer and MFP offerings are qualified to include up to 53 percent PCR by weight of plastics3.
1,800+ metric tons
of post-consumer recycled plastic was used in the manufacture of the 2016 branded, in-house technology printers and MFPs2. That’s over 15 percent of the total plastic!
650 metrics tons
of post-consumer recycled plastic was used in the manufacture of the 2016 Lexmark branded cartridges.
That’s 18.5 percent of the total plastic!
Restriction of hazardous substances
Lexmark evaluates printers, supplies and packaging for compliance to material restriction directives and legislation. Lexmark complies with the material restriction requirements adopted under the European Union Recast Restriction of the Use of Certain Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive 2011/65/EU (RoHS 2). Per the RoHS recast directive, conformance is declared via the CE Mark declarations, which are posted on the Lexmark website: Regulatory Compliance.
RoHS 2 restricts the amount of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment. These hazardous materials include four metals (lead, mercury, hexavalent chromium, cadmium) and two brominated flame retardants (polybrominated biphenyl and polybrominated diphenyl ether). Four phthalates (DEHP, BBP, DBP and DiBP) have been added to the restricted list of substances—restriction taking effect July 22, 2019. Lexmark does not claim RoHS exemptions for cadmium. Lexmark has developed a conformance assurance system for materials restrictions that includes an audit process. Audit results indicating a nonconformance lead to further evaluation, material or component changes if needed, and notification to authorities if products ship with noncompliant parts.
Registration, evaluation, authorization and restriction of chemicals
Lexmark works with our suppliers to ensure compliance with international material restriction regulations such as the European Union Registration, Evaluation, and Authorization of Chemicals (REACH) regulation. REACH seeks to improve public health and the environment by controlling the production and use of harmful chemical substances. Lexmark completed the first steps of REACH in 2008, including preregistration, material review and required communications for the initial release of the Substances of Very High Concern (SVHC) candidate list of chemicals. Lexmark continues to monitor REACH developments and the addition of new chemicals to the SVHC list and comply with chemical registration deadlines and legal obligations imposed. More information about Lexmark REACH initiatives is available to customers by request.
In compliance with the Montreal Protocol, Lexmark prohibits the use of ozone-depleting chemicals in the manufacture and development of our products.
Toner Safety Data Sheets
Cartridges deliver toner used in the printing process. Lexmark toners are classified according to the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS). At a cartridge level, Lexmark toners are not classified as hazardous chemicals. Lexmark provides Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) for these toners, where Ames test results can be found.
Current SDSs are available on the Lexmark website.
1 Based on the materials used in the cross section of Lexmark's primary imaging equipment for 2016 Lexmark branded, in-house technology.
2 Based on the post-consumer recycled materials used in the cross section of Lexmark’s primary imaging equipment for 2016 Lexmark branded, in-house technology. PCR calculated using IEEE.1680.2 methodology.
3 PCR calculated using IEEE.1680.2 methodology