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Materials

Lexmark evaluates the environmental impact of our products throughout their life cycles. The design and selection of materials help reduce the impact our innovative solutions have on the environment.

Lexmark designs focus on recyclability. Over 90 percent of the materials used in hardware products by weight are recyclable.

Lexmark’s Materials Management Approach

Lexmark’s materials management approach is broad, ranging from internal focus on materials used and sourced from our suppliers, to active participation in industry trade associations.

Lexmark’s Corporate Sustainability team is responsible for maintaining the Product Environmental Specification. Lexmark's Product Environmental Specification defines the minimum environmental requirements associated with the design, manufacture and marketing of Lexmark products. The criteria stem from the latest global regulatory obligations, international treaties and conventions to specific market demands. The Product Environmental Specification is reviewed annually to include the latest regulatory references.

The Lexmark Product Environmental Specification is available online for access at any time. It is also provided to certain suppliers in contract terms and provided to material suppliers during a phase of the development process.

Click here for a link to the Lexmark Environmental Specification.

To support materials management efforts, Lexmark maintains a materials content data collection and management system. This system allows the teams to address regulatory issues, communicate with suppliers about substances of concern and respond to customer questions.

Estimated Materials in Lexmark Printers and MFPs1 manufactured in 2015 (Metric tons/$M Associated Hardware Revenue)

Esimated materials

Lexmark designs focus on recyclability. Over 90 percent of the materials used in hardware products by weight are recyclable. The majority of these materials are polymers and metals that are formed into components through injection molding or stamping operations. High-impact polystyrene (HIPS) and acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) are most often used; however, other plastics such as, acetals, polyesters, polyamides and filled or blended versions of these materials are also utilized.

Lexmark chooses to offset a portion of our virgin polymer purchases by boldly pursuing recycled options and reuse of parts. The use of recycled materials ensures that waste formerly destined for landfill has a new destination and purpose, helping protect natural resources and fulfill our sustainability goals. Currently, we favor the use of post-consumer recycled (PCR) materials over the use of biobased materials for durability and recyclability.

The metal content in Lexmark printers is dominated by steel products sourced from both recycled and new materials. Lexmark sees the environmental benefits of reusing metal content with the understanding that recycled metal stock can be used for some—but not all—metal components. Published industry averages indicate that many commercial grades of steel commonly contain between 30 percent and 80 percent recycled content. Lexmark is committed to using these grades of steel where possible.

Lexmark’s Post-Consumer Recycled Materials Journey

Lexmark continues our innovative closed-loop toner cartridge recycling operations. Through the award-winning Lexmark Cartridge Collection Program (LCCP), our engineers reclaim feed streams of various types of plastics such as ABS, HIPS and polyoxymethylene (POM). After returning this material to near-new quality, the plastic is used to manufacture new toner cartridges.

For more information on Lexmark cartridge closed looped recycling, click here.

Lexmark is an industry leader in the use of reclaimed plastic in its cartridges with 18 percent average post-consumer recycled (PCR) plastic content, by weight, across all toner cartridges. In fact, 91 percent of Lexmark branded toner cartridges contain at least some post-consumer recycled content. Lexmark’s goal is to increase the post-consumer recycled plastic content in our toner cartridges to 25 percent by 2018.

For PCR not sourced through LCCP, Lexmark engineers recommend using PCR materials originating from closed-loop recycled electronics when possible. At least one Lexmark supplier declares their base resins are recovered from 100 percent post-consumer Waste Electrical and Electronic equipment (WEEE). Using PCR sourced from used electronics provides incentive to electronics manufacturers and recyclers to continue to grow the circular economy in this industry.

In the future, Lexmark would like to incorporate closed-loop recycled materials from our hardware recycling streams into new devices in much the same way we are doing for cartridges. Lexmark’s latest printer and MFP offerings are qualified to include up to 53 percent PCR by weight of plastics2.

Estimated PCR in Lexmark Printers and MFPs3 manufactured in 2015

 EstPCR

Estimated PCR in Lexmark branded cartridges manufactured in 2015

EST PCR

Regulatory Insight

Restrictions of Hazardous Substances

Lexmark evaluates printers, supplies and packaging for compliance to material restriction directives and legislation. Lexmark complies with the material restriction requirements adopted under the European Union Recast Restriction of the Use of Certain Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive 2011/65/EU (RoHS 2). Per the RoHS recast directive, conformance is declared via the CE Mark declarations, which are posted on the Lexmark Web site: Regulatory Compliance.

RoHS 2 restricts the amount of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment. These hazardous materials include four metals (lead, mercury, hexavalent chromium, cadmium) and two brominated flame retardants (polybrominated biphenyl and polybrominated diphenyl ether). Four phthalates (DEHP, BBP, DBP and DiBP) have been added to the restricted list of substances—restriction taking effect July 22, 2019. Lexmark does not claim RoHS exemptions for cadmium. Lexmark has developed a conformance assurance system for materials restrictions that includes an audit process. Audit results indicating a nonconformance leads to further evaluation, material or component changes if needed and notification to authorities if products ship with noncompliant parts. Lexmark submitted one notification of RoHS violation in 2015 as reported in the Product Health & Safety section.

Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals

Lexmark works with our suppliers to ensure compliance with international material restriction regulations such as the European Union Registration, Evaluation, and Authorization of Chemicals (REACH) regulation. REACH seeks to improve public health and the environment by controlling the production and use of harmful chemical substances. Lexmark completed the first steps of REACH in 2008, including preregistration, material review and required communications for the initial release of the Substances of Very High Concern (SVHC) candidate list of chemicals. Lexmark continues to monitor REACH developments and the addition of new chemicals to the SVHC list and comply with chemical registration deadlines and legal obligations imposed. More information about Lexmark REACH initiatives is available to customers by request.

Montreal Protocol

In compliance with the Montreal Protocol, Lexmark prohibits the use of ozone-depleting chemicals in the manufacture and development of all products.

Toner Safety Data Sheets

Cartridges deliver toner used in the printing process. Lexmark toners are classified according to the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS). At a cartridge level, Lexmark toners are not classified as hazardous chemicals. Lexmark provides Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) for these toners.

Current SDSs are available on the Lexmark Web site. Click here.

1 Based on the materials used in the cross section of Lexmark's primary imaging equipment for 2015 Lexmark branded, in-house technology. This data is not comparable to 2014 CSR due to the increased data set.
2 PCR calculated using IEEE.1680.2 methodology
3 Based on the post-consumer recycled materials used in the cross section of Lexmark’s primary imaging equipment for 2015 Lexmark branded, in-house technology. This data is not comparable to 2014 CSR due to the increased data set. PCR calculated using IEEE.1680.2 methodology

 

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