Product Life Cycle
As part of Lexmark’s commitment to sustainable products, Lexmark has conducted Life Cycle Assessments (LCAs) on 41 of its printer and MFP models as of January 2016. Lexmark uses the data from the LCAs to create and publish ISO 14025 Type III Environmental Product Declarations (EPDs), which summarize the complex information in an LCA. LCAs technically evaluate the environmental impact of the product design, manufacturing, distribution, use and end-of-life of our products.
Each EPD conforms to the international standards ISO 14040:2006, ISO 14044:2006 and ISO 14025:2007 and follows the requirements of the Product Category Rules (PCR) for preparing an EPD for Printers and Multi-function Printing Units published by UL Environment (ULE) on Dec 12, 2012. The EPDs are third-party verified for accuracy and completeness. Click here to see a list of secondary data sources used in the Life Cycle Assessments
Lexmark is committed to performing LCAs on all future product models.
For all available Environmental Product Declarations, click here. The EPDs for four representative product models—the Lexmark CX820de color MFP, the Lexmark MX711de monochrome MFP, the Lexmark CX510de color MFP and the Lexmark MS315dn monochrome printer are highlighted.
LCA Knowledge Drives Process and Design Improvements
The LCA reports have identified the use phase as having the greatest impact in the life cycle of the Lexmark printer—in particular, paper. This learning has shaped Lexmark’s focus on offerings to help customers print less, to optimize print environments and to return hardware and consumables at end of life. Lexmark’s LCAs have helped inspire an elite program offering for customers to reduce their printing impact through responsible print practices and tree planting offset.
Another way Lexmark works to reduce the environmental impact of our printers is to test them using recycled papers—specifically, papers made with 30 percent, 50 percent, and 100 percent postconsumer recycled content. Our expectation is that recycled papers perform as well as virgin paper in our printers. While no official standard exists for office equipment use of paper, Lexmark uses European Standard EN 12281 as a minimum properties standard. To ensure breadth of testing, test paper includes 100 percent recycled papers from Europe and Asia, and tests are conducted at 8-80 percent relative humidity. Testing includes both automatic and manual duplex printing.
Customers using Lexmark devices have many choices when it comes to environmentally preferable paper. Office paper using renewable, recycled or chlorine-free content may all be used.
If we remove the paper impact from the life cycle assessments, then consumables, energy and printer maintenance actions are highlighted as areas for design improvement. In design, Lexmark has dedicated teams working on product energy reductions, consumable sustainability and end of life recycling and remanufacturing, as well as extended longevity of components and proactive printer maintenance. The Lexmark CS820 Series and CX820, CX825 and CX860 Series MFPs showcase the efforts of the design teams, achieving significant improvements in energy, materials and supply items when compared to the previous generation of products.
Further Insight: Cartridge LCAs
Lexmark also pursues cartridge LCAs to identify areas where improvements can be made within the cartridge life cycle. Conducted in accordance with ISO 14040 and 14044, the Lexmark LCA cartridge studies showed that recycling a used Lexmark toner cartridge reduces the carbon footprint of the cartridges studied by nearly 50 percent over discarding it in a landfill, consistently confirming the value of the LCCP operations and efforts to increase cartridge collections. This value excludes paper consumed when printing.
Toner Cartridge Life Cycle Assessment